The Pasteur Institute of Dakar is established as a research facility, in Saint-Louis, the capital of French Senegal. The director, Emile Marchoux, a student of microbiologist Louis Pasteur, has been stationed in Saint-Louis as a naval doctor. The lab's first research focuses on a dysentery epidemic. In 1913, the facility will relocate to Dakar after the capital is moved to that town, and will be upgraded to institute status in 1924. In 1927, the Yellow Fever virus will be isolated for the first time at the institute. The institute will become the leading research facility for public health in West Africa, and will play an important role in Senegal’s response to the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 (pic).