Alfred Mangena, studying in London to become South Africa’s first black lawyer, files a deposition ‘against Sir Henry McCallum, the governor of Natal, charging him with acts of oppression involving the illegal proclamation of martial law and the homicide of twelve natives put to death.’ The British magistrate refuses to receive the deposition in open court, an act that will be criticised in the British parliament. The governor of Britain’s Natal Colony seeks to force Zulu men to work as miners after they refused to accept the “slave wages” paid to Chinese indentured workers, and has imposed a Poll Tax that has resulted in rioting. If they cannot pay the tax, men can be forced by government to work in gold mines in a policy enacted in partnership with mine owners. Governor McCallum will use public money to “investigate” Mangena, resulting in a smear campaign against him in British newspapers. Mangena will successfully sue the newspapers for libel. Alone as he stands for their rights against the British Empire, Mangena becomes a hero among black South Africans.