Prime Minister of Madagascar (1864-1895), in Ilafy, Madagascar. Born on an unlucky day, by custom he was supposed to be abandoned in the wilderness to die, rather than bring bad luck to his household. However, his father Rainiharo, Madagascar’s Prime Minister from from 1833 to 1852, cut off two of his infant son’s fingers instead, to dispel the curse. Rainilaiarivony's own life seemed cursed when several of his 16 children came to a bad end, and he died in exile in Algiers shortly after he was deposed during the French invasion of Madagascar. As Commander-in-Chief of the army, he put down several rebellions, at the cost of tens of thousands of lives, while his simultaneous role as head of government made him fabulously rich, with 57 homes and 1,000 slaves.